The smallest dog breed

Chihuahua is the smallest of dog breeds and a national symbol of Mexico. These dogs were named after the Mexican state of Chihuahua and stand among the oldest breeds of the Americas.

iconCountry of origin:


iconFCI group:

Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs, Section 6 Chihuahueño.


Lively, Devoted, Alert, Courageous, Quick


Any colour variation possible - solid, marked or splashed


1.8–2.7 kg


15–25 cm

iconLife expectancy:

from 12 to 20 years

Chihuahua puppies

There are plenty of Chihuahuas in competitive sports, shows, and in movies, showing that they absolutely can be trained to advanced levels. But on the other hand, there are also many owners and trainers who struggle with basic behavioural problems with their dogs. Despite being very little Chihuahuas have a reputation of being feisty, loud and difficult to potty train. These dogs can differ greatly among the breed. Thankfully, Chihuahuas love to please and positive reinforcement works wonders during training. Always have some treats handy - Husse Bravo treats can easily be broken into smaller pieces, suitable for your Chihuahuas tiny jaws. To promote proper development of your Chihuahua puppy feed a diet made specifically for small dog breeds - Husse Valp Mini is a dry dog food crafted specifically for smaller breeds.

Chihuahua’s nutrition

Being one of the smallest among dog breeds, Chihuahuas require a diet made specifically for a dog their size. As this breed is somewhat prone to obesity monitoring your dog’s weight and caloric intake is necessary. Chihuahuas jaw’s size makes for weaker teeth, so dry food with smaller kibbles is the best choice for your dog. Optimal Mini from Husse range is a well-balanced diet based on natural and carefully selected ingredients. In addition to dry dog food supplying your dog with dental chews can help with dental hygiene and prevent and control the accumulation of plaque and tartar to avoid consequences of severe periodontal disease. Dental Snacks from Husse range are grain-free and come in a smaller size, more suitable for your Chihuahuas jaws.

Recommended for Chihuahua adults:

Sensitive Ocean Care Mini | Hypoallergenic dry food for small breed dogs with sensitive digestion & skin

Ocean Care Mini is a gluten free product suitable for dogs that suffer from allergies and/or sensitive digestive systems. With salmon as the only animal protein in the recipe and adapted kibble size for the jaws of small and mini breeds.
Breed size: Small breeds
Protein: 24.0% (75% animal protein of total protein content)
Fat content: 14.0%
Check it out

Optimal Mini | Complete nutrition for active adult dogs of small breeds

Optimal Mini is suitable for small breeds with higher energy requirements. The kibble size is adapted for the jaws of small and mini breeds to support mechanical cleaning of the teeth.
Breed size: Small breeds
Protein: 29.0% (80% animal protein of total protein content)
Fat content: 18.0%
Check it out

Detailed description of Chihuahua

Chihuahua is one of the smallest dog breeds, with adults reaching a maximum 25 cm in height and weighing less than 3kg. Their coats come in many colours and patterns and can be either long or short.


Images resembling Chihuahuas have been found on the artefacts of many lost civilizations around the world. Though the exact origin of the breed remains the secret of prehistory, both archaeological evidence and folklore show that this particular breed originated in Mexico. It is believed that modern Chihuahua descended from Techichi - a companion dog of the Toltec civilization in Mexico, that was larger and heavier than the Chihuahua we know today. Many historians believe that after the Aztecs conquered the Toltecs in the 12th century they refined the Techichi dog into a much smaller and lighter dog. After the fall of Aztec culture in the 1500s, the Techichi was presumed lost since it was an integral part of the culture of Aztecs. But in the mid-1800s many specimens have been found in the state of Chihuahua after which the breed got its name. 


As the smallest of dog breeds recognised by kennel clubs adult Chihuahuas never grow taller than 25 cm. Chihuahuas are described to have an "apple head" or "apple-dome" skull conformation. These dogs have large, round eyes and big, erect ears. In this breed, the part where the muzzle meets the skull forms almost a perfect 90-degree angle. Because of their small size, Chihuahuas may appear delicate or even fragile. Chihuahuas can occur in virtually any colour combination. Since every variety of colour and pattern can occur in dogs of this breed there is a great degree of variation when it comes to Chihuahuas looks.


Because of their small size Chihuahuas can be easily frightened which can provoke them to attack. This breed is not the best choice for families with small children and any larger animals, as they are very vulnerable to any injuries. Chihuahuas are known for becoming strongly attached to one particular person in a household. Chihuahuas' behaviour depends mostly on the genetic temperament of the dog's parents and grandparents, so make sure to ask your breeder how they behaved to get the general idea of what you can expect from your pet Chihuahua. As with any dog breed, Chihuahuas can greatly benefit from proper training and socialization and they tend to respond the best to positive reinforcement training.


With their small jaws, Chihuahuas generally have weaker teeth and require more extensive dental care. Dental diets and dental chews can help prevent the accumulation of plaque and tartar. A molera can appear in apple head Chihuahuas and is known to be present in nearly all Chihuahua puppies. The soft spot on the Chihuahua’s head usually fills in during the first six months, but in that time it is advised to be extra cautious to prevent any injuries. Chihuahuas have large, protruding eyes that make them prone to eye infections and a variety of injuries. Chihuahuas can easily get cold, so providing your dog with coats or sweaters for colder months will help keep them warm and comfortable.

Daily care

Shorthaired Chihuahuas are considered easy to maintain. They need a weekly brushing and a bath every 3 to 4 weeks. With dogs of this breed easily getting cold, it is important to wrap your dog in a towel after bathing for some warmth. Chihuahuas may experience excessive tearing, so regular cleaning of the eye area may prevent tear-staining from happening. Chihuahuas teeth require some extra attention - it is best to brush your dog’s teeth daily or give some dental chews to promote mechanical teeth cleaning.

dr Anna Plummervet and blogger

Perfect products for Chihuahua


Optimal Mini, 2kg - Husse Small Breed Natural Complete Adult Dry Dog Food Chicken & Rice Gluten-Free Hypoallergenic

Contains optimal levels of protein & fat to help maintain lean muscle mass



Valp Mini, 2kg - Husse Small Breed Natural Complete Puppy Dry Dog Food Chicken & Rice

High protein & fat content for an optimal intense growth


Did your pet have some special need or condition not typical for the breed?

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Husse happy pets!



Frankie is a 16-year-old cat who was earlier this year diagnosed with Kidney issues. When tasked with looking for suitable food for his condition we discovered Husse's Exclusive Urinary. Frankie has happily been eating Husse since and is still extremely healthy at his old age!


Olly is a thirteen-year-old Bichon Frise, Who has been on Husse for the last 6 years. Being a white-haired pink-skinned dog he is prone to skin issues however ever since using Husse laxolja salmon oil and Ocean care mini salmon dog food he has been In perfect condition with no skin problems arising. Thank you Husse for taking care of my boy!

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Husse - Swedish food for dogs, cats and horses

Husse is a Swedish producer of food for dogs, cats and horses with over 30 years of experience on the market. Husse's main goal is to promote a healthy lifestyle for animals. All Husse feeds, treats and supplements are made only from the highest quality, carefully selected ingredients. All products are manufactured according to traditional Scandinavian recipes, and the production lines are under constant veterinary control. Apart from the quality of Husse products, it also means the quality of the service. Husse distributors are thoroughly trained in animal nutrition and will be happy to help you choose the right diet for your dog, cat or horse. Husse products are not available in a traditional sales network - we deliver them straight from the factory to the customer, so we can offer the highest quality products at competitive prices. Husse food can always be ordered with door-to-door delivery. 

Everything you need for your pet in one place

In Husse's offer you will find everything your pet may need. Our dry food for dogs and cats is a great foundation of their diet - dry food is properly balanced diets tailored to the needs of dogs and cats of various sizes and at various stages of life, i.e. puppies and kittens, adult and senior dogs and cats. Do you have a dog or cat with special nutritional needs? We took care of the special needs of animals with a sensitive digestive system and food allergies, after sterilization or castration, and pets with a tendency to overweight. Are you looking for toys for dogs and cats? Husse toys are made of the highest quality materials, they are durable and will provide your pet with hours of entertainment. You can diversify the healthy and natural diet of your dog, cat or horse with tasty delicacies. Treats for dogs, cats and horses are a tasty addition to their diet and a great reward during training and training. Do you need grooming products for your pet? Get shampoos, care cosmetics, oils and lotions with which you will take care of the beautiful and healthy appearance of your dog, cat or horse.